Analysis of the penalized 3D variable viscosity stokes equations coupled to diffusion and transport
1 Universitéde Lyon, ENISE, LTDS UMR CNRS 5513, 58 rue Jean Parot, 42023 Saint-Étienne cedex 02, France.
2 Toulouse Mathematics Institute, UMR CNRS 5219, Team MIP, INSA, GMM 135 avenue de Rangueil, 31077 Toulouse, France.
3 LMAP, UMR CNRS 5142, IPRA, UPPA, avenue de l’Université, BP 1155, 64013 Pau, France.
Received: 29 January 2014
Revised: 5 May 2015
The analysis of the penalized Stokes problem, in its variable viscosity formulation, coupled to convection-diffusion equations is presented in this article. It models the interaction between a highly viscous fluid with variable viscosity and immersed moving and deformable obstacles. Indeed, while it is quite common to couple Poisson equations to diffusion-transport equations in plasma physics or fluid dynamics in vorticity formulations, the study of complex fluids requires to consider together the Stokes problem in complex moving geometry and convection-diffusion equations. The main result of this paper shows the existence and the uniqueness of the solution to this equations system with regularity estimates. Then we show that the solution to the penalized problem weakly converges toward the solution to the physical problem. Numerical simulations of fluid mechanics computations in this context are also presented in order to illustrate the practical aspects of such models: lung cells and their surrounding heterogeneous fluid, and porous media flows. Among the main original aspects in the present study, one can highlight the non linear dynamics induced by the coupling, and the tracking of the time-dependence of the domain.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 35Q30 / 76D03 / 76D07 / 65M25 / 68U20 / 76Z05 / 92B05
Key words: Stokes equations / moving geometry / variable viscosity flows / porous media flows / biomathematics
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