Volume 54, Number 6, November-December 2020
|Page(s)||2125 - 2157|
|Published online||12 October 2020|
Geometrically intrinsic modeling of shallow water flows
Department of Mathematics “Tullio Levi-Civita”, University of Padua, Padua, Italy
Accepted: 25 April 2020
Shallow water models of geophysical flows must be adapted to geometric characteristics in the presence of a general bottom topography with non-negligible slopes and curvatures, such as a mountain landscape. In this paper we derive an intrinsic shallow water model from the Navier–Stokes equations defined on a local reference frame anchored on the bottom surface. The equations resulting are characterized by non-autonomous flux functions and source terms embodying only the geometric information. We show that the proposed model is rotational invariant, admits a conserved energy, is well-balanced, and it is formally a second order approximation of the Navier–Stokes equations with respect to a geometry-based order parameter. We then derive a numerical discretization by means of a first order upwind Godunov finite volume scheme intrinsically defined on the bottom surface. We study convergence properties of the resulting scheme both theoretically and numerically. Simulations on several synthetic test cases are used to validate the theoretical results as well as more experimental properties of the solver. The results show the importance of taking into full consideration the bottom geometry even for relatively mild and slowly varying curvatures.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 76M12 / 65M08 / 35L65 / 58J45
Key words: Shallow water / variable topography / intrinsic finite volumes / well balance
© EDP Sciences, SMAI 2020
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