Volume 55, Number 5, September-October 2021
|Page(s)||2323 - 2347|
|Published online||21 October 2021|
Fully-discrete finite element numerical scheme with decoupling structure and energy stability for the Cahn–Hilliard phase-field model of two-phase incompressible flow system with variable density and viscosity
School of Mathematics and Information Sciences, Yantai University, Yantai 264005, P.R. China
2 Department of Mathematics, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 2 September 2021
We construct a fully-discrete finite element numerical scheme for the Cahn–Hilliard phase-field model of the two-phase incompressible flow system with variable density and viscosity. The scheme is linear, decoupled, and unconditionally energy stable. Its key idea is to combine the penalty method of the Navier–Stokes equations with the Strang operator splitting method, and introduce several nonlocal variables and their ordinary differential equations to process coupled nonlinear terms. The scheme is highly efficient and it only needs to solve a series of completely independent linear elliptic equations at each time step, in which the Cahn–Hilliard equation and the pressure Poisson equation only have constant coefficients. We rigorously prove the unconditional energy stability and solvability of the scheme and carry out numerous accuracy/stability examples and various benchmark numerical simulations in 2D and 3D, including the Rayleigh–Taylor instability and rising/coalescence dynamics of bubbles to demonstrate the effectiveness of the scheme, numerically.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 65N12 / 65M12 / 65M70
Key words: Variable density / fully-decoupled / phase-field / Cahn–Hilliard / Navier–Stokes / unconditional energy stability
© The authors. Published by EDP Sciences, SMAI 2021
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