Volume 50, Number 2, March-April 2016
|Page(s)||415 - 431|
|Published online||19 February 2016|
Electrode modelling: The effect of contact impedance
Institut de Mathématiques de Toulouse, Université de Toulouse,
CNRS, UPS IMT, 118 route de
Toulouse cedex 9,
2 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 68, 00014, Finland
Received: 9 February 2015
Revised: 3 June 2015
The most realistic model for current-to-voltage measurements of electrical impedance tomography is the complete electrode model which takes into account electrode shapes and contact impedances at the electrode/object interfaces. When contact impedances are small, numerical instability can be avoided by replacing the complete model with the shunt model in which perfect contacts, that is zero contact impedances, are assumed. In the present work we show that using the shunt model causes only a (almost) linear error with respect to the contact impedances in modelling absolute current-to-voltage measurements. Moreover, we note that the electric potentials predicted by the two models exhibit different Sobolev regularity properties. This causes, in particular, different convergence rates for a widely used finite element approximation of the potentials. The theoretical results are backed up by two-dimensional numerical experiments.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 35Q60 / 65N15 / 35J25 / 65L11
Key words: Electric impedance tomography / complete electrode model / shunt model / mixed boundary conditions / elliptic boundary value problems
© EDP Sciences, SMAI 2016
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