Volume 53, Number 3, May-June 2019
|Page(s)||869 - 891|
|Published online||26 June 2019|
Penalty method with Crouzeix–Raviart approximation for the Stokes equations under slip boundary condition⋆
The Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 3-8-1 Komaba, Meguro, Tokyo 153-8914, Japan
2 Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan
3 Department of Applied Mathematics, Tokyo University of Science, 1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku, Tokyo 162-8601, Japan
** Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 26 January 2018
The Stokes equations subject to non-homogeneous slip boundary conditions are considered in a smooth domain Ω ⊂ ℝN (N = 2,3). We propose a finite element scheme based on the nonconforming P1/P0 approximation (Crouzeix–Raviart approximation) combined with a penalty formulation and with reduced-order numerical integration in order to address the essential boundary condition u · n∂Ω = g on ∂Ω. Because the original domain Ω must be approximated by a polygonal (or polyhedral) domain Ωh before applying the finite element method, we need to take into account the errors owing to the discrepancy Ω ≠ Ωh, that is, the issues of domain perturbation. In particular, the approximation of n∂Ω by n∂Ωh makes it non-trivial whether we have a discrete counterpart of a lifting theorem, i.e., continuous right inverse of the normal trace operator H1 (Ω)N → H1/2(∂Ω); u ↦ u⋅n∂Ω. In this paper we indeed prove such a discrete lifting theorem, taking advantage of the nonconforming approximation, and consequently we establish the error estimates O(hα + ε) and O(h2α + ε) for the velocity in the H1- and L2-norms respectively, where α = 1 if N = 2 and α = 1/2 if N = 3. This improves the previous result [T. Kashiwabara et al., Numer. Math. 134 (2016) 705–740] obtained for the conforming approximation in the sense that there appears no reciprocal of the penalty parameter ϵ in the estimates.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 65N30 / 35Q30
Key words: Nonconforming FEM / Stokes equations / slip boundary condition / domain perturbation / discrete H1/2-norm
© EDP Sciences, SMAI 2019
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