Volume 56, Number 5, September-October 2022
|Page(s)||1741 - 1772|
|Published online||20 July 2022|
A nonnegativity preserving scheme for the relaxed Cahn–Hilliard equation with single-well potential and degenerate mobility
Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Université de Paris, Inria, Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, F-75005 Paris, France
2 MOX, Dipartimento di Matematica, Politecnico di Milano via Bonardi 9, 20133 Milano, Italy
Accepted: 16 May 2022
We propose and analyze a finite element approximation of the relaxed Cahn–Hilliard equation [Perthame and Poulain, Eur. J. Appl. Math. 32 (2021) 89–112.] with singular single-well potential of Lennard-Jones type and degenerate mobility that is energy stable and nonnegativity preserving. The Cahn–Hilliard model has recently been applied to model evolution and growth for living tissues. Although the choices of degenerate mobility and singular potential are biologically relevant, they induce difficulties regarding the design of a numerical scheme. We propose a finite element scheme, and we show that it preserves the physical bounds of the solutions thanks to an upwind approach adapted to the finite element method. We propose two different time discretizations leading to a non-linear and a linear scheme. Moreover, we show the well-posedness and convergence of solutions of the non-linear numerical scheme. Finally, we validate our scheme by presenting numerical simulations in one and two dimensions.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 35Q92 / 65M60 / 35K55 / 35K65 / 35K35
Key words: Degenerate Cahn–Hilliard equation / single-well potential / continuous Galerkin finite elements / upwind scheme / convergence analysis
© The authors. Published by EDP Sciences, SMAI 2022
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