Volume 57, Number 4, July-August 2023
|Page(s)||2529 - 2556|
|Published online||01 August 2023|
Coupled mixed finite element and finite volume methods for a solid velocity-based model of multidimensional sedimentation★
Department of Mathematics, Radboud University, Heyendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
2 CI 2MA and Departamento de Ingeniería Matemática, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 17 June 2023
In this paper we introduce and analyze a model of sedimentation based on a solid velocity formulation. A particular feature of the governing equations is given by the fact that the velocity field is non-divergence free. We introduce extra variables such as the pseudostress tensor relating the velocity gradient with the pressure, thus leading to a mixed variational formulation consisting of two systems of equations coupled through their source terms. A result of existence and uniqueness of solutions is shown by means of a fixed-point strategy and the help of the Babuška–Brezzi theory and Banach theorem. Additionally, we employ suitable finite dimensional subspaces to approximate both systems of equations via associated mixed finite element methods. The well-posedness of the resulting coupled scheme is also treated via a fixed-point approach, and hence the discrete version of the existence and uniqueness result is derived analogously to the continuous case. The above is then combined with a finite volume method for the transport equation. Finally, several numerical results illustrating the performance of the proposed model and the full numerical scheme, and confirming the theoretical rates of convergence, are presented.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 35Q70 / 65M08 / 65N12 / 65N15 / 65N30 / 70-08 / 76T20
Key words: Solid phase velocity / multidimensional settling / mixed finite elements / fixed-point
© The authors. Published by EDP Sciences, SMAI 2023
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