Volume 53, Number 5, September-October 2019
|Page(s)||1553 - 1576|
|Published online||06 August 2019|
Raviart–Thomas finite elements of Petrov–Galerkin type
Laboratoire de Mathématiques d’Orsay, Université Paris-Sud, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, 91405 Orsay, France.
2 Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, LMSSC, Paris, France.
3 Laboratoire de Mathématiques et de leurs Applications de Pau, UMR CNRS 5142, Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour, France.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 13 March 2019
Finite volume methods are widely used, in particular because they allow an explicit and local computation of a discrete gradient. This computation is only based on the values of a given scalar field. In this contribution, we wish to achieve the same goal in a mixed finite element context of Petrov–Galerkin type so as to ensure a local computation of the gradient at the interfaces of the elements. The shape functions are the Raviart–Thomas finite elements. Our purpose is to define test functions that are in duality with these shape functions: precisely, the shape and test functions will be asked to satisfy some orthogonality property. This paradigm is addressed for the discrete solution of the Poisson problem. The general theory of Babuška brings necessary and sufficient stability conditions for a Petrov–Galerkin mixed problem to be convergent. In order to ensure stability, we propose specific constraints for the dual test functions. With this choice, we prove that the mixed Petrov–Galerkin scheme is identical to the four point finite volume scheme of Herbin, and to the mass lumping approach developed by Baranger, Maitre and Oudin. Convergence is proven with the usual techniques of mixed finite elements.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 65N08 / 65N12 / 65N30
Key words: inf-sup condition / finite volumes / mixed formulation
© EDP Sciences, SMAI 2019
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